essential-toeflwords

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
==========================================

س1: wily: clever at getting what you want, especially by tricking people

ج: مکار - حیله گر - نیرنگباز
---------------------------------------------------------------
س2: settle(v):to establish a home; to resolve a
disagreement--(adj):settled
(n):settlement--(Syn):colonize

ج: People arriving from the south settled in California.
The lawyers settled their differences and came to an agreement.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س3: particle(n):a very small piece of something--(Syn):fragment

ج: Particles of dust can destroy electronic instruments.
Small particles of matter hold the keys to understanding the origin of life.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س4: obtain(v):to gain or secure something
(adj):obtainable--(Syn):gain

ج: The university obtained a new particle accelerator.
The painting by Whistler was not obtainable.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س5: mirror(v):to show, as in a mirror
(n):mirror--(Syn):reflect

ج: The results of the study mirror public opinion.
The strength of the economy is mirrored in the standard of living of the people
---------------------------------------------------------------
س6: harvest(n):the act of collecting a crop; the crops gathered--(adj):harvested
(v):harvest--(Syn):gather

ج: The United States had a comparatively good grain harvest this year.
They were able to harvest the crop before the rain.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س7: Whether the tooth fairy is male or female is a moot point. No one knows

ج: اینکه توس فری مذکر است یا مونث مورد اختلاف است و کسی نمیداند
---------------------------------------------------------------
س8: Lucrative: producing a great deal of profit

ج: سودمند - نافع
---------------------------------------------------------------
س9: Max told me that ESL was a very lucrative field, and I believed him

ج: مکس به من گفت که ای اس ال رشته بسیار سودمندی است و من هم گفتارش را باور کردم
---------------------------------------------------------------
س10: By most accounts, the war in Iraq has been a tremendous debacle.

ج: بنابر اکثر گزارشها جنگ عراق یک شکست ناگهانی فاحشی بود
---------------------------------------------------------------
س11: Kids are sometimes very fickle and may have a new favorite food every week

ج: کودکان گهگاه بسیار دمدمی مزاج شده و ممکن است هر هفته یک غذای مورد علاقه جدیدی را طلب کنند
---------------------------------------------------------------
س12: broaden(v):to make larger or greater
(adv):broadly--(Syn):enlarge
(adj):broad--(n):breadth

ج: Education will broaden your opportunities to land a good job.
The breadth of his knowledge is impressive.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س13: Many politicians employ teams of wily advisors to help them skirt the law

ج: بسیاری از سیاستمداران گروهی از مشاورین زرنگ و مکار را به استخدام در می آورند تا از حاشیه قوانین بگذرند.: به دام نیافتند).


---------------------------------------------------------------
س14: pernicious: very harmful or evil, often in a way that you do not notice easily

ج: زیان آور - مهلک - نابود کننده


---------------------------------------------------------------
س15: The current concentration of media has had a pernicious effect on democracy in the US.


ج: زدحام رسانه های کنونی در آمریکا تاثیر بسیار مخربی بر دموکراسی گذاشته است
---------------------------------------------------------------
س16: lucid: able to understand and think clearly, used especially about someone who is not always able to do this


ج: معقول - سرحال - قبراق
---------------------------------------------------------------
س17: I am the most lucid right after a cup of coffee

ج: دقیقا بعد از خوردن یک فنجان قهوه کاملا قبراق و سلامت میشوم
---------------------------------------------------------------
س18: To exonerate: to state officially that someone who has been blamed for something is not guilty



ج: تبرئه کردن - مبرا کردن
---------------------------------------------------------------
س19: I am confident that I will be fully exonerated if I'm given a fair trial

ج: مطمئنم که اگر دادگاهی من عادلانه باشد کاملا تبرئه خواهم شد
---------------------------------------------------------------
س20: commonplace(adj):ordinary
(Syn):frequent

ج: Soon it will be commonplace to see the person to whom you are talking on the phone.
Female lawyers are commonplace in the United States
---------------------------------------------------------------
س21: Fickle: changing frequently



ج: متلون - دمدمی - متغیر
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
س22: recover(v):to get back; to have sth returned--
adj. recovered--Syn. retrieve
adj. recoverable--n. recovery

ج: The NASA team was unable to recover the space capsule.
The recovered objects had not been damaged.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س23: condensed(adj):made smaller; shortened; merged
v. condense Syn. summarized

ج: This is a condensed version of the original research report.
Try to condense the two chapters into one
---------------------------------------------------------------
س24: chiefly(adv):most importantly or most commonly--(adj):chief--(Syn):mostly

ج: Houses are made chiefly of wood products.
Corn is the chief crop of the Midwest.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س25: prominent(adj):famous; having a high position---adv. prominently Syn. renowned----n. prominence

ج: Their talent for locating oil deposits made them prominent geologists in the
corporation.
He gained prominence through his television appearances
---------------------------------------------------------------
س26: appealing(adj):attractive or interesting, able to move feelings-(v):appeal
(n):appeal--(Syn):alluring
(adv):appealingly

ج: Working abroad is appealing to many people.
Through his speeches, the candidate appealed to the voters.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س27: prompt(v):to cause sth to happen; to do quickly; to be on time--
adv. promptly--n. promptness Syn. induce

ج: His emotional plea prompted the director to give him a second chance.
Promptness is an important factor in many societies
---------------------------------------------------------------
س28: predominant(adj):the most noticeable or powerful element
adv. predominantly Syn. principal
v. predominate
n. predominance

ج: The predominant export of the Middle East is petroleum.
Many cities in the southwest are predominantly hispanic
---------------------------------------------------------------
س29: practical(adj):convenient or effective
(n):practicality--(Syn):functional

ج: Her ambitious plan was not very practical.
Three fundamental issues in measurement are reliability, validity, and practicality
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
س30: position(n):place where something can be found; job
Syn. location

ج: He held a very high position in the firm.
The position of aircraft wings causes the lift that allows the plane to leave the ground
---------------------------------------------------------------
س31: transport(v):to move from one place to another--(adj):transportable--(Syn):carry
(adj):transported--(n):transportation

ج: Flying is not always the fastest way to transport passengers to their destination.
The transportation expenses of products increase their final cost.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س32: reportedly(adv):to know by report; unconfirmed; supposedly
(adj):reported--(Syn):Rumored
(v):report-------(n):report

ج: The students reportedly sent a representative, but she has not arrived yet.
The reported tornado has not been confirmed
---------------------------------------------------------------
س33: blind(adj):unable to see or understand, to conceal;showing poor judgment or understanding--(adv):blindly
n. blindness Syn. unaware

ج: They were blind to the fact that they had little chance to succeed.
He went into the job blindly, with no previous experience
---------------------------------------------------------------
س34: evaporate(v):to vanish
n. evaporation Syn. disappear

ج: The chances of the two sides reaching an agreement have evaporated.
The evaporation of the funds was unexplainable
---------------------------------------------------------------
س35: erode(v):to wear away, disappear slowly
(n):erosion--(Syn):deteriorate

ج: The senator's support is eroding because of his unpopular positions on the major
issues.
It took millions of years of erosion for nature to form the Grand Canyon
---------------------------------------------------------------
س36: entirely(adv):completely
(adj):entire--(Syn):Thoroughly
(n):entirety

ج: They are entirely right about the economy.
The president released the speech in its entirety before the news conference.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س37: enormous(adj):very large
(adv):enormously--(Syn):Tremendous
(n):enormity

ج: His enormous wealth allows him to contribute to many charities.
A diet with many fruits and vegetables is enormously beneficial to the body
---------------------------------------------------------------
س38: endorse(v):.to express approval
(n):endorsement--(Syn):support

ج: The union endorsed the new contract.
The president's endorsement of the project guaranteed its funding
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
س47: allow(v)--(n):allowance--(Syn):permit
(adj):allowable--(adv):allowable

ج: Arthur's natural agility will allow him to excel in sports.
The extra money allowed us to stay abroad another day.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س48: albeit(conj):in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact--(Syn):although-

ج: اگرجه ولواینکه
His trip was successful, albeit tiring.
Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding
---------------------------------------------------------------
س49: agile(adj):able to move in a quick and easy way--(adv):agilely--(Syn):nimble
(n):agileness--(n):agility---

ج: چابک فرز زیرک سریع الانتقال
Deer are very agile animals.
She moved agilely across the stage.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س50: advent(n):the coming or appearance of something--(Syn):arrival

ج: ظهور و ورود-
With the advent of computers, many tasks have been made easier
---------------------------------------------------------------
س51: advantage(n)--(adv):advantageously
(Syn):benefit--(adj):advantageous

ج: Is there any advantage in arriving early?
He was advantageously born into a rich family
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
---------------------------------------------------------------
س52: advanced(adj):ahead of current thought or practice forward thinking, new
(v):advance--(n):advancement-(Syn): progressive-

ج: Advanced technology is changing the world.
His advancement to captain came unexpectedly
---------------------------------------------------------------
س53: debacle: an event or situation that is a complete failure.

ج: افتضاح - شکست محض - سرنگونی - شکست ناگهانی
---------------------------------------------------------------
س54: disruptive(adj):causing confusion and interruption--(v):disrupt--(Syn):disturbing
(n):disruption--(adv):disruptively

ج: Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive
The storm caused a disruption in bus service
---------------------------------------------------------------
س55: reflection(n):a picture or element cast back---(adj):reflected Syn. image
v. reflect

ج: His bright smile was a reflection of his satisfaction.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س56: autonomous(adj):by itself, with no association--(adv)autonomously--(Syn): independent--

ج: Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously
---------------------------------------------------------------
س57: wide(adj):extending over a large area
(adv):widely--(Syn)broad--(n)wideness--

ج: Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest
The senator has traveled wide1y.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س58: persistent(adj):continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or decision-(v):persist-(n):persistence--(adv): persistently--(Syn)constant--

ج: The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness
Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س59: overlook(v):to ignore or neglect
(adj):overlooked--(Syn):disregard

ج: Scientists must not overlook any aspect of experimental procedure.
The overlooked error raised his score on the test.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س60: oblige(v):to have to do sth
(adv):obligingly Syn. require
(adj):obliging--(adj):obligatory
(n):obligation

ج: She obliged he friend to choose a new lab partner.
Payment of the student activity fee was obligatory
---------------------------------------------------------------
س61: precious(adj):having much monetary or sentimental value;beautiful
Syn. cherished
ج: They disregarded the no parking signs and were ticketed by the police.
His disregard of the lab instructions caused him to make many errors
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
س63: potent(adj):very strong
Syn. powerful

ج: He gave a potent speech at the convention.
The venom of the coral snake is extremely potent
---------------------------------------------------------------
س64: haphazardly(adv):having no order or pattern, by chance
(adj):haphazard(Syn):arbitrarily,carelessly
(n):haphazardness

ج: It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly.
Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س65: He was a great connoisseur of paintings

ج: او در نقاشی یک خبره بود.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س66: Pronouns usually refer to antecedents

ج: (در جملات) ضمائر معمولا به کلمه ای که در قبل آمده بر میگردند. – مرجع ضمیر کلمه ای است که قبلا در جمله آمده است
---------------------------------------------------------------
س67: Anachronism: someone or something that seems to belong to the past, not the present

ج: امری منسوخ – رسم منسوخ – آدم کهنه پسند
---------------------------------------------------------------
س68: One country colonizing another country is an anachronism in today's global environment

ج: در محیط زیست جهانی دنیای امروز اینکه کشوری کشور دیگر را مستعمره خویش نماید امری منسوخ شده میباشد
---------------------------------------------------------------
س69: hedonist: someone who believes that pleasure is the most important thing in life.

ج: خوشگذران – عیاش
---------------------------------------------------------------
س70: He is the happiest, most entertaining hedonist in the world today

ج: او در جهان امروز خوشحالترین و جالبترین خوشگذران میباشد
---------------------------------------------------------------
س71: gourmet: someone who knows a lot about food and wine and who enjoys good food and wine

ج: خوراک شناس – کسی که از غذای خوب خوشش می آید


---------------------------------------------------------------
س72: She fancied herself a gourmet, so he frequented only the best restaurants in twon.


ج: او تصور می کرد که یک خوراک شناس است از این رو فقط در بهترین رستورانهای شهر رفت و آمد می کرد
---------------------------------------------------------------
س73: epicurean: a person who thinks pleasure is very important.

ج: عیاش – خوش گذران
---------------------------------------------------------------
س74: moderate(adj):not too much, not too little
adv. moderately * to reduce
v. moderate*
n. moderation Syn. medium

ج: She made the best of her moderate dancing ability.
The Broadway play was moderately successful.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س75: connoisseur : someone who knows a lot about something such as art, food, or music


ج: خبره - اهل فن
---------------------------------------------------------------
س76: odd(adj):unusual
adv. oddly Syn. strange
n. oddity

ج: It is odd to find a person who speaks many languages.
The moon rock is an oddity available at the museum for all to view
---------------------------------------------------------------
س77: ambience: the qualities and character of a particular place and the way these make

ج: فضا - محیط - جو
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
س78: aggravating(adj):making worse; annoying
(n):aggravation--(Syn):irritating
v. aggravate

ج: The aggravating delay was caused by road repairs.
The shortage of work aggravated the crisis in the small town
---------------------------------------------------------------
س79: tightly(adv):being fixed in place; close; leaving no freedom
adj. tight --v. tighten
n. tightness-- Syn. firmly

ج: The shirt fits too tightly.
The government is tightening the regulations on the use of seat belts
---------------------------------------------------------------
س80: tangible(adj):real; that which can be felt
adv. tangibly Syn. concrete
n. tangibility

ج: The work of a teacher seldom produces tangible results until years after a student has
graduated
---------------------------------------------------------------
س81: synthesis(n):the mixing of separate things to form a whole-adv. synthetically*--adj. synthetic*-- * not made by nature
v. synthesize Syn. combination

ج: The language of Papiamento is a synthesis of Dutch and native Indian languages of
Curacao
---------------------------------------------------------------
س82: symbols(n):a sign or object that represents sth or somebody marks
adv. symbolically -adj. symbolic
Syn. marks----v. symbolize

ج: The strange symbols found in Egyptian tombs have intrigued historians for centuries.
I think this painting symbolizes the universal themes of humanity.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س83: sustained(adj):continuing in a constant way; remaining strong
v. sustain ---adj. sustenance--
Syn. consistent

ج: Sustained rainfall is the only hope they have for relief from the drought.
The trees could not sustain the attack of the locusts.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س84: supposedly(adv):according to reports or hearsay; widely believed or accepted
adj. supposed --v. suppose Syn. presumably----n. supposition

ج: The new trains can supposedly reach speeds of 150 miles per hour.
The stockbroker's supposition is that the economy will improve.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س85: comparatively(adv):being measured or judged by comparison
(adj):comparative--(Syn):relatively
(v):compare
n. comparison

ج: It was comparatively easy for him to learn baseball because he had been a cricket player
---------------------------------------------------------------
س86: The dead comedian has been epicurean in his tastes, often indulging in the
rarest of fine food and drink


ج: ان هنرپیشه کمدی مرحوم از لحاظ سلیقه – شخصی – یک عیاش بود غالبا در خوردن و آشامیدن غذاهای کمیاب زیاده روی می کرد.


---------------------------------------------------------------
س87: dignitary(n):a very important or famous person, usually associated with a high position in government--(Syn):notable

ج: Every dignitary in Washington was invited to the wedding.
All of the high ranking dignitaries attended the economic summit
---------------------------------------------------------------
س88: anticipate(v):to think about or prepare for something ahead of time
(adj):anticipatory-- (n):anticipation- (Syn): predict

ج: No one can anticipate the results of the games.
They planned their vacation with anticipation
---------------------------------------------------------------
س89: hero(n):a person remembered for an act of goodness or bravery--(adv):heroically
(adj):heroic--(Syn):idol-(n):heroine (female)---n. heroics

ج: He is a hero in the eyes of his admirers.
They gave a heroic effort to no avail.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س90: Facet(n):element or component
(adj):faceted--(Syn):aspect

ج: The proposal had many beneficial facets.
It was a multi faceted problem that challenged the entire student body
 

*محیا*

کاربر فعال مهندسی کشاورزی ,
س91: face(v):to be in the presence of an oppose--(Syn):confront

ج: The mountain climbers faced grave danger on the cliff.
He finds it difficult to face his problems
---------------------------------------------------------------
س92: extremely(adv):very; to the very end, the highest extent--(adj):extreme--(Syn): highly----(adj):extremist--(n):extreme
n. extremist

ج: When the concert was canceled, some customers became extremely upset.
He will go to any extreme to get what he wants.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س93: extensive(adj):large in area or number
*to offer; to make longer ** an extendingan additional part--(adv):extensively --(v)extend*;(n):extension Syn. comprehensive

ج: The extensive snowfall caused problems throughout the city.
The professor extended a warm welcome to the new student.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س94: exhaust(v):to use completely; to expend
all energy very thorough--(adv): exhaustively--(adj):exhaustive--(Syn): deplete--(adj):exhausting
(adj):exhausted--(n):exhaustion

ج: They exhausted their energy in 10 minutes.
The exhaustive report was acclaimed by everyone
---------------------------------------------------------------
س95: Evident(adj):easy to see, usually because of some proof--(adv):evidently--(Syn):apparent---n. evidence

ج: It is evident that you are not feeling.
All the evidences point to the presence of hydrogen
---------------------------------------------------------------
س96: Shortly after Max and Mary broke up, Mary scratched Max's car out of spite

ج: کمی بعد از جدائی مکس و مری او ماشین مکس را از روی لج خط انداخت
---------------------------------------------------------------
س97: crucial(adj):of great importance; extremely necessary--
(adv):crucially--(Syn):critical

ج: Favorable weather is crucial to a good harvest.
Having all the information necessary to make a good decision is crucially important.
---------------------------------------------------------------
س98: enrich(v):to make rich, to make something of greater value-(n):enrichment
(adj):enriching--(Syn):enhance

ج: The fine arts enrich our lives.
The discovery of oil was an enrichment for the country
---------------------------------------------------------------
س99: Suffer(v):to experience difficulty; to worsen in quality; to experience pain
(adj):suffering--(n):suffering-(Syn): endure
n. sufferer

ج: The old man suffers from loss of memory.
Many families experience the suffering of difficult economic times
---------------------------------------------------------------
س100: shift(n):change in position or direction
(adj):shifting--(Syn):Switch
(v):shift-----(adj):shifty

ج: The shift in the wind was helpful to the sailors.
Earthquakes are caused by shifting in layers of earth along faults
ادامه دارد
 
بالا