(چگونه برای امتحان آیلتس آماده شویم؟)How to prepare for the IELTS test

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
IELTS measures your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills, and assesses your ability to communicate for work, study or life in an English-speaking country.
The first step is to make sure you understand the IELTS test format. You need to know what will be expected of you on test day.
[h=3]Understand the IELTS test format[/h]
  • Study the test format to make sure that you know what to expect.
  • Look carefully at the content of each part of the IELTS test: listening, reading, writing and speaking.
  • Get to know the different types of questions that you may be asked in each part.

Once you are familiar with the IELTS test format, you will need to undertake a number of focused preparation activities.
[h=3]Recommended preparation activities[/h]
  • Examine our IELTS practice test papers and answers.
  • Take practice tests under timed conditions.
  • Practise with the British Council's IELTS online preparation resources, available free when you book your test with the British Council.
  • Buy IELTS self-study books and materials.
  • Consider taking an IELTS preparation course with the British Council.
  • Review our IELTS test day advice.

[h=2]Warning! [/h] Some native English speakers are surprised to find that they score lower grades than non-native English speakers who have only been studying English for a few years. This can happen if you take IELTS unprepared.

If you are a native English speaker and need to take IELTS to emigrate, make sure you prepare for the test!







britishcouncil.org
 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
Understand the IELTS test format

Understand the IELTS test format

[h=1]Understand the IELTS test format[/h] Take the time to understand the IELTS test format. There are two versions of the test: IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. Both are graded in exactly the same way.
You will take the first three parts of the test all on one day in the following order: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. There are no breaks between the first three tests.
You will take the Speaking test either on the same day, or 7 days before or after that, depending on local arrangements.
A range of native-speaker accents (North American, Australian, New Zealand and British) is used in the Listening test, and all standard varieties of English are accepted in responses in all parts of the test.


You can find out more about what to expect in the Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking tests by looking at the next steps.
When you are happy that you understand what you will need to do in each section, try some of our free practice tests.
 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
[h=1]Understand the Listening test[/h] You will be listening for a purpose and hear a variety of accents.
A variety of voices is used in the IELTS Listening test, so you might hear Australian, British, New Zealand or North American accents.
You will be listening to a pre-recorded CD-ROM, and the passages that you hear will increase in difficulty as you go through the test.
The content of the Listening test is the same for both IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training tests.

[h=2]Purpose of the test[/h] The IELTS Listening test is designed to assess a wide range of listening skills, including how well you

  • understand main ideas and specific factual information
  • recognise the opinions, attitudes and purpose of a speaker
  • follow the development of an argument
[h=3]Timing[/h] The IELTS Listening test takes approximately 30 minutes, and you are allowed an extra 10 minutes to transfer your answers from your question booklet to your answer sheet.

[h=3]Four sections[/h] The IELTS Listening test is broken down into four sections:
SectionDescription
1You listen to a conversation between two people set in an everyday social situation, e.g. a conversation in an accommodation agency, and answer questions on your comprehension.
2You listen to a monologue set in an everyday social situation, e.g. a speech about local facilities or a talk about the arrangements for meals during a conference.
3You listen to a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment, or a group of students planning a research project.
4You listen to a monologue on an academic subject, e.g. a university lecture.

You will begin by listening to a recording of instructions and a sample question for section 1. Then you will read the questions for section 1, listen to section 1, and answer the questions.
This procedure is repeated for sections 2, 3 and 4.
In the final 10 minutes, you will transfer your answers onto the answer sheet.
Each section is heard once only.

[h=3]Questions[/h] There are 40 questions.
A variety of question types is used, and you may be asked to

  • answer multiple choice questions
  • label a plan, map or diagram
  • fill in a form
  • complete a table
  • complete a flow-chart
  • give short answers
[h=3]Marking[/h] Each correct answer receives one mark.
Scores out of 40 are converted to the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole and half bands.
Find out more about how you can understand your IELTS scores.
Read Listening test advice.
Try Listening practice test 1.

 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
[h=1]Understand the Reading test[/h] You will need to read quickly and efficiently, and manage your time
You will be asked to read three different passages and respond to related questions in your IELTS Reading test.
The content of the Reading test is different for IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training tests. Details of each version are given below.
[h=2]Purpose of the test[/h] The IELTS Reading test is designed to assess a wide range of reading skills, including how well you

  • read for the general sense of a passage
  • read for the main ideas
  • read for detail
  • understand inferences and implied meaning
  • recognise a writer’s opinions, attitudes and purpose
  • follow the development of an argument
This is the case for whichever version of the IELTS test you are taking.
[h=3]Timing[/h] The IELTS Reading test takes 60 minutes.

You are not allowed any extra time to transfer your answers, so write them directly on to your answer sheet.
You will need to manage your time during the test because you will not be told when to start or finish each section.
[h=3]Three sections[/h] You will be given three different passages to read, each with accompanying questions. You can expect to read 2,150 - 2,750 words in total during your test.
[h=3]IELTS Academic Reading test[/h] There are three sections to the IELTS Academic Reading test, and each contains one long text.
These are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. They have been written for a non-specialist audience and are on academic topics of general interest.
They range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical.
Each text might be accompanied by diagrams, graphs or illustrations, and you will be expected to show that you understand these too.
A simple glossary is provided if the material contains technical terms.
[h=3]IELTS General Training Reading test[/h] There are three sections to the IELTS General Training Reading test.

The texts used in each section are taken from notices, advertisements, company handbooks, official documents, books, magazines and newspapers.
Section 1 contains two or three short factual texts, one of which may be made up of 6 - 8 short texts related by topic, e.g. hotel advertisements. The topics are relevant to everyday life in an English-speaking country.

Section 2 contains two short factual texts focusing on work-related issues, e.g. applying for a job, company policies, pay and conditions, workplace facilities, staff development and training.
Section 3 contains one longer, more complex text on a topic of general interest.
[h=3]Questions[/h] There are 40 questions.
A variety of question types is used. You may be asked to

  • fill gaps in a passage of written text or in a table
  • match headings to written text to diagrams or charts
  • complete sentences
  • give short answers to open questions
  • answer multiple choice questions
Sometimes you will need to give one word as your answer, sometimes a short phrase, and sometimes simply a letter, number or symbol.
Make sure you read the instructions carefully.

[h=3]Marking[/h] Each correct answer receives one mark.
Scores out of 40 are converted to the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole and half bands.
Find out more about how you can understand your IELTS scores.
Read Reading test advice.
Try Reading practice test 1 - IELTS Academic or Reading practice test 1 - IELTS General Training depending on which version you plan to take.

 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
[h=1]Understand the Writing test[/h] Write clearly, organise your ideas and use a varied vocabulary.

[h=2]Purpose of the test[/h] The IELTS Writing test is designed to assess a wide range of writing skills, including how well you

  • write a response appropriately
  • organise ideas
  • use a range of vocabulary and grammar accurately
This is the case for whichever version of the IELTS test you are taking.
[h=3]Timing[/h] The IELTS Writing test takes 60 minutes. Spend 20 minutes on Task 1, and 40 minutes on Task 2.
You will need to manage your own time, so make sure you move on to Task 2 after 20 minutes.
[h=3]Two tasks[/h] There are two tasks in the IELTS Writing test. You will be asked to write at least 150 words for Task 1 and at least 250 words for Task 2.
[h=2]IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training Writing tests[/h] The content of the Writing test is different for IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training tests.


[h=3]IELTS Academic Writing test[/h] Write in a formal style in the IELTS Academic Writing test.
In Task 1 you will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram. You will be asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words. This might involve describing and explaining data, describing the stages of a process or how something works, or describing an object or event.
In Task 2 you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. You should find the issues interesting and easy to understand.
[h=3]IELTS General Training Writing test[/h] The topics used in the IELTS General Training Writing test are of general interest.
In Task 1 you will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining the situation. You can write the letter in a personal, semi-formal or formal style.
In Task 2 you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. You can use a fairly personal style.
[h=3]Marking[/h] Your Writing test will be marked by a certificated IELTS examiner.
Task 2 is worth twice as much as Task 1 in the IELTS Writing test.
Scores are reported in whole and half bands.
Find out more about how you can understand your IELTS scores.
Read Writing test advice.
Try Writing practice test 1 - IELTS Academic or Writing practice test 1 - IELTS General Training depending on which version you plan to take.

 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
[h=1]Understand the Speaking test [/h] The Speaking test is as close to a real-life situation as an exam can get.
You will talk to a certified examiner in the IELTS Speaking test. The test is interactive and as close to a real-life situation as a test can get. A variety of accents may be used, and the test will be recorded.

The content of the IELTS Speaking test is the same for both the IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training tests.
[h=2]Purpose of the test[/h] The IELTS Speaking test is designed to assess a wide range of skills.
The examiner will want to see how well you can

  • communicate opinions and information on everyday topics and common experiences; to do this you will need to answer a range of questions
  • speak at length on a given topic using appropriate language
  • organise your ideas coherently
  • express and justify your opinions
  • analyse, discuss and speculate about issues
Make sure that you relax and talk fluently. You will need to speak naturally.
[h=3]Timing[/h] The IELTS Speaking test takes 11-14 minutes.
[h=3]Three sections[/h] The Speaking test is made up of three sections:
SectionDurationInformation
Part 1 Introduction and interview4-5 minutesThe examiner will introduce him or herself and ask you to introduce yourself and confirm your identity. The examiner will ask you general questions on familiar topics, e.g. home, family, work, studies and interests. This section should help you relax and talk naturally.
Part 2 Individual long turn 3-4 minutesThe examiner will give you a task card which asks you to talk about a particular topic, including points to include in your talk. You will be given one minute to prepare and make notes. You will then be asked to talk for 1-2 minutes on the topic. You will not be interrupted during this time, so it is important to keep talking. The examiner will then ask you one or two questions on the same topic.
Part 3 Two-way discussion 4-5 minutesThe examiner will ask you further questions which are connected to the topic of Part 2. These questions are designed to give you an opportunity to discuss more abstract issues and ideas.

[h=3]Marking[/h] You will be assessed on your performance throughout the test by certificated IELTS examiners.
You will be marked on the four criteria of the IELTS Speaking Test Band Descriptors:

  • fluency and coherence
  • lexical resource
  • grammatical range and accuracy
  • pronunciation
Scores are reported in whole and half bands.
Find out more about how you can understand your IELTS scores.
Read Speaking test advice.
Try Speaking practice test 1.

 

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