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Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس (Contrast & comparison)



استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره: یکی از نکات کلیدی درباره آیلتس اینست که تا می توانید دایره لغات خود را افزایش دهید. این موضوع در هر چهر مهارت نمره شما را افزایش خواهد داد. به خاطر داشته باشید در “comparison” به بررسی شباهات می پردازیم ، و در “Contrast” به بررسی تفاوت ها می پردازیم.

IELTS Vocabulary: Contrast & comparison

Complete these sentences with the most appropriate word or expression from A, B or C.

۱.The two machines ………. considerably. One has an electric motor, the other runs on oil.
A. differ B. differentiate C. differential

۲.The ………. in weather between the north and the south of the country is very noticeable.
A. comparison B. contrast C. compare

۳.Many people cannot ………. between lemon juice and lime juice.
A. differ B. differentiate C. contrast

۴.Children must be taught to ………. between right and wrong.
A. differ B. contrast C. distinguish

۵.There is a ………. between being interested in politics and joining a political party.
A. distinguish B. distinctive C. distinction


۶.Can you tell the ………. between a good boss and a bad one?
A. difference B. differentiate C. contrast



۷.The management must not ………. between male and female applicants.
A. differ B. contrast C. discriminate

۸.Asia covers a huge area. ………. Europe is very small.
A. By way of contrast B. By ways of comparing C. By similar means

۹.The new model of car is very ………. to the old one.
A. same B. similar C. common

۱۰.Her political opinions are ………. to mine.
A. same B. exactly C. identical

۱۱.Some political parties have such similar manifestos that they are difficult to ………. .
A. tell apart B. say apart C. speak apart

۱۲.My friends and I enjoy doing many of the same things. In that respect, we have a lot ………. .
A. in similar B. in particular C. in common

۱۳.There seems to be a large ………. between the number of people employed in service industries,
and those employed in the primary sector.
A. discriminate B. discretion C. discrepancy

۱۴.British and Australian people share the same language, but in other respects they are as different as ………. .
A. cats and dogs B. chalk and cheese C. salt and pepper

۱۵.Britain’s economy is largely based on its industry, ………. a few hundred years ago it was an agrarian
country.
A. wherefore B. whereas C. whereby
Answers:

۱.The two machines differ considerably. One has an electric motor, the other runs on oil.
۲.The contrast in weather between the north and the south of the country is very noticeable.
۳.Many people cannot differentiate between lemon juice and lime juice.
۴.Children must be taught to distinguish between right and wrong.
۵.There is a distinction between being interested in politics and joining a political party.
۶.Can you tell the difference between a good boss and a bad one?
۷.The management must not discriminate between male and female applicants.
۸.Asia covers a huge area. By way of contrast Europe is very small.
۹.The new model of car is very similar to the old one.
۱۰.Her political opinions are identical to mine.
۱۱.Some political parties have such similar manifestos that they are difficult to tell apart .
۱۲.My friends and I enjoy doing many of the same things. In that respect, we have a lot in common .
۱۳.There seems to be a large discrepancy between the number of people employed in service
industries, and those employed in the primary sector.
۱۴.British and Australian people share the same language, but in other respects they are as different as
cats and dogs .
۱۵.Britain’s economy is largely based on its industry, whereas a few hundred years ago it was an agrarian country.

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Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
IELTS Vocabulary 2

IELTS Vocabulary 2

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:


نمونه ای از پرکاربردترین افعال در آزمون آیلتس
.

Look at the pairs of sentences in ۱-۲۰ and choose a verb from the box which can be used with both sentences. In some cases, the meaning of the verb may change slightly. Then use a dictionary to find other objects which can be used with the verbs.
adapt • adjust • alter • cure • demote • disappear • dissolve
exchange • expand • fade • increase • promote • reduce • renew
renovate • replace • swell • switch • transform • vary
۱.a) We need to ………. these cars so disabled people can drive them.​
۱.b) The country found it hard to ………. to the new government.​
۲.a) If the trousers are too tight, take them back to the shop and ask them to ………. them.​
۲.b) He found it hard to ………. to living in a tropical country.​
۳.a) You must ………. the voltage or the system will blow up.​
۳.b) He decided to ………. his appearance by having plastic surgery.​
۴.a) Our bills will be less if we ………. from gas to electricity.​
۴.b) They had to ………. flights at Heathrow Airport.​
۵.a) You can’t ………. the terms of the contract once it has been signed.​
۵.b) He wants to ………. his appearance.​
۶.a) It will help your digestion if you ………. your diet.​
۶.b) Prices of flats ………. from a few thousand to millions of pounds.​
۷.a) We need to ………. our pounds for dollars.​
۷.b) You can usually ………. goods which are faulty if you show the receipt.​
۸.a) We have had to ………. our sales force to cope with the extra demand.​
۸.b) Water will ………. when it is frozen.​
۹.a) The price of oil will ………. next year.​
۹.b) Most bosses refuse to ………. salaries when they are asked.​
۱۰.a) The management decided to ………. the company and sell the offices.​
۱۰.b) ………. the sugar in boiling water.​
۱۱.a) More and more people are moving to cities to ………. the population there.​
۱۱.b) The wasp sting caused his leg to ………. up.​
۱۲.a) The market for typewriters will probably ………. completely in the next few years.​
۱۲.b) The police are baffled by the increasing number of people who ………. each year.​
۱۳.a) The old contract ran out and we had to ………. it.​
۱۳.b) Many people argue that it’s futile to ………. old hostilities.​
۱۴.a) They have received funds to ………. the old buildings.​
۱۴.b) We need to ………. the central heating as it is old and worn out.​
۱۵.a) The boss offered to ………. him from salesman to manager.​
۱۵.b) Our main aim is to ………. tourism in the country.​
۱۶.a) They wanted to ………. me from manager to salesperson.​
۱۶.b) If we ………. you, you will lose a large part of your salary.​
۱۷.a) If you wash it too much, the colour will ………. .​
۱۷.b) We watched the islands ………. away into the distance.​
۱۸.a) The company decided to ………. the permanent staff with freelancers.​
۱۸.b) You must ………. the books on the shelf when you have finished with them.​
۱۹.a) The doctors were unable to ………. her the illness.​
۱۹.b) ………. meat in salt water for between three and five days.​
۲۰.a) Governments are trying to ………. pollution.​
۲۰.b) The best way to save money is to ………. the number of staff.
[h=1]Answers :[/h]

۱.a) We need to adapt these cars so disabled people can drive them.​
۱.b) The country found it hard to adapt to the new government.​
۲.a) If the trousers are too tight, take them back to the shop and ask them to adjust them.​
۲.b) He found it hard to adjust to living in a tropical country.​
۳.a) You must transform the voltage or the system will blow up.​
۳.b) He decided to transform his appearance by having plastic surgery.​
۴.a) Our bills will be less if we switch from gas to electricity.​
۴.b) They had to switch flights at Heathrow Airport.​
۵.a) You can’t alter the terms of the contract once it has been signed.​
۵.b) He wants to alter his appearance.​
۶.a) It will help your digestion if you vary your diet.​
۶.b) Prices of flats vary from a few thousand to millions of pounds.​
۷.a) We need to exchange our pounds for dollars.​
۷.b) You can usually exchange goods which are faulty if you show the receipt.​
۸.a) We have had to expand our sales force to cope with the extra demand.​
۸.b) Water will expand when it is frozen.​
۹.a) The price of oil will increase next year.​
۹.b) Most bosses refuse to increase salaries when they are asked.​
۱۰.a) The management decided to dissolve the company and sell the offices.​
۱۰.b) Dissolve the sugar in boiling water.​
۱۱.a) More and more people are moving to cities to swell the population there.​
۱۱.b) The wasp sting caused his leg to swell up.​
۱۲.a) The market for typewriters will probably disappear completely in the next few years.​
۱۲.b) The police are baffled by the increasing number of people who disappear each year.​
۱۳.a) The old contract ran out and we had to renew it.​
۱۳.b) Many people argue that it’s futile to renew old hostilities.​
۱۴.a) They have received funds to renovate the old buildings.​
۱۴.b) We need to renovate the central heating as it is old and worn out.​
۱۵.a) The boss offered to promote him from salesman to manager.​
۱۵.b) Our main aim is to promote tourism in the country.​
۱۶.a) They wanted to demote me from manager to salesperson.​
۱۶.b) If we demote you, you will lose a large part of your salary.​
۱۷.a) If you wash it too much, the colour will fade .​
۱۷.b) We watched the islands fade away into the distance.​
۱۸.a) The company decided to replace the permanent staff with freelancers.​
۱۸.b) You must replace the books on the shelf when you have finished with them.​
۱۹.a) The doctors were unable to cure her the illness.​
۱۹.b) Cure meat in salt water for between three and five days.​
۲۰.a) Governments are trying to reduce pollution.​
۲۰.b) The best way to save money is to reduce the number of staff.
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Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس ۳

لغات آیلتس ۳

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:


به منظور عملکرد بهتر در امتهان هایی نظیر آیلتس یا تافل ، مخصوصاً در قسمت هایی نظیر مصاحبه آیلتس یا بخش نگارش آیلتس ، می بایست سعی شود دایره لغات خود را در هر زمینه ای افزایش دهید. در این بخش سعی شده لغات کاربردی در هر زمینه بصورت طبقه بندی شده در اختیار شما قرار بگیرد. پاسخ های مربوط به این قسمت در زیر آزمون آورده شده است :

[h=2]City Life[/h]

[h=3]Put the words in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
cosmopolitan
pollution
congestion
to breed crime
metropolis
urban
cost of living
irresistible lure
stimulation
commuter
city-dwellers
anonymity

Most people in developed countries are ………(a)………. , many drawn by the ………(b)………. of the
………(c)………. The attractions of the city are many: the ………(d)………. atmosphere (foreign
restaurants, different languages, international companies) the ………(e)………. of cultural events or the
simple hope of finding work. All too many find, however, that the glamorous facade is false. One can be
very alone in the city and the ………(f)………. which at first seems to give freedom and protection later
leaves just loneliness. There is a lot to do but everything is expensive. The ………(g)………. is high.
There is ………(h)………. not only of the physical but also of the moral environment and the various
pressures of ………(i)………. life because cities ………(j)………. Above all, perhaps, it is the daily stresses
and strains of the city which make life there a matter of survival rather than enjoyment. Many a ………
(k)………. struggling to work through the rush hour ………(l)………. asks, “is it worth it?”
[h=3]The answers are:[/h] [h=3](a) city-dwellers[/h] [h=3](b) irresistible lure[/h] [h=3](c) metropolis[/h] [h=3](d) cosmopolitan[/h] [h=3](e) stimulation[/h] [h=3](f) anonymity[/h] [h=3](g) cost of living[/h] [h=3](h) pollution[/h] [h=3](i) urban[/h] [h=3](j) to breed crime[/h] [h=3](k) commuter[/h] [h=3](l) congestion[/h]​


منبع: سرزمین زبان
 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس ۴

لغات آیلتس ۴

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:
به منظور عملکرد بهتر در امتهان هایی نظیر آیلتس یا تافل ، مخصوصاً در قسمت هایی نظیر مصاحبه آیلتس یا بخش نگارش آیلتس ، می بایست سعی شود دایره لغات خود را در هر زمینه ای افزایش دهید. در این بخش سعی شده لغات کاربردی در هر زمینه بصورت طبقه بندی شده در اختیار شما قرار بگیرد.

[h=1]IELTS Vocabulary ۴[/h]
[h=2]Issues of Education[/h] [h=3]Put the words in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
elite
divisive
potential
gifted
classless
spontaneity
cram
streaming
conventional
labelled
labelled
inferiority complex


It is interesting that in some countries which are socialist and therefore supposedly ………(a)………. , the educational system is based on ………(b)………. , which means that children are educated according to their ability, with more ………(c)………. children separated from the others. Supporters of this system say that more intelligent children will be helped to achieve their full ………(d)………. in this way and that these children will be held back if they have to share lessons with less clever pupils. Opponents of this system, on the other hand, maintain that it creates an educated ………(e)………. , a special class of ………(f)………. people who are encouraged to think of themselves as superior to the others. Similarly the others may, as a result of being ………(g)………. second-rate, develop some kind of ………(h)………. In a word, such such a system is ………(i)………. , since it creates a division between people. Another important question in education is the amount of freedom and choice children should be given at school. The conservative view is that a ………(j)………. system of strict rules is best. However, critics of this attitude say it causes regimentation, as in the army, and discourages children’s natural imagination and ………(k)………. We must ask ourselves what the purpose of education is: to ………(l)………. children’s head with facts or to encourage them to develop their natural abilities in their own way.
[h=3]The answers are:[/h] [h=3](a) classless[/h] [h=3](b) streaming[/h] [h=3](c) gifted[/h] [h=3](d) potential[/h] [h=3](e) elite[/h] [h=3](f) privileged[/h] [h=3](g) labelled[/h] [h=3](h) inferiority complex[/h] [h=3](i) divisive[/h] [h=3](j) conventional[/h] [h=3](k) spontaneity[/h] [h=3](l) cram[/h]​




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Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس ۵

لغات آیلتس ۵

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:

در این قسمت شما با لغات بسیار مهم در مورد لباس و مد آشنا خواهید شد.

Fashion in Clothes

Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:


slavishly
trends
slaves to fashion
individualists
trendy
fashion houses
conformists
dictate
the latest fashion
haute couture
dictates
personal ornaments

Most people like to think they are ….(a)….. and simply wear whatever they like. Few people will admit
to being ….(b)…. . However we are not just talking of the expensive …..(c)……of the Paris and Milan
…..(d)….. , which not many people can afford anyway. We are talking of fashions and ……(e)……. in
everyday clothes. We say that we wear jeans and sweaters because they are cheap and practical, but
isn’t it true that our jeans and sweaters tend to be the same as everyone else wears? Doesn’t that
mean that we like to be …..(f)….. Of course the big chain-stores, to some extent, ……(g)….. what we
wear, but they always offer a choice and people do, on the whole, like to wear ….(h)……. which
extends beyond clothes to make-up, ….(i)……. (men wear earrings too, nowadays) and hair styles. It is
easy to declare that we do not …….(j)……. follow the …..(k)….. of fashion, but aren’t we all …..(۱)…..
at heart?

Answers:

(a) individualists

(b) slaves to fashion

(c) haute couture

(d) fashion houses

(e) trends

(f) trendy

(g) dictate

(h) the latest fashion

(i) personal ornaments

(j) slavishly

(k) dictates

(l) conformists



منبع: سرزمین زبان
 
آخرین ویرایش:

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس ۶

لغات آیلتس ۶

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:


این بخش از لغات مربوط به مجیط زیست می باشد که در آزمون آیلتس جزء موضوعات بسیار مهم به حساب می آید.

[h=2]The Environment[/h]

[h=3]Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
sewage
enlightened
pesticides
acid rain
ecological
deforestation
disposal
herbicides
extinction
animal rights
sustainable
organic



When industrialization began, little thought was given to its …… (a) ….. effects. Raw, untreated …… (b)
…… was allowed to pollute our seas and rivers. Animals were killed for profit to the point of …… (c) ……
. The loss of trees through uncontrolled …… (d) …… caused erosion and unstable climate. …… (e) ……
was caused by the poisonous gases man sent into the atmosphere. Chemicals in …… (f) …… killed animal
life. …… (g) …… destroyed plants. The balance of nature was disturbed. It is only now that we are
waking up to the problem. More natural, …… (h) …… farming is advocated. Legislation controls the ……
(i) …… of waste products into our air and water. Wildlife organizations are becoming more militant in
their fight for …… (j) …… . Replanting policies in some parts of the world mean that our forests should
in future be …… (k) …… We can only hope that growing public awareness and …… (l) …… legislation will
produce a world which is safe for us and will provide ~ good quality Of life for future generations.
[h=3]Answers:[/h] [h=3](a) ecological[/h] [h=3](b) sewage[/h] [h=3](c) extinction[/h] [h=3](d) deforestation[/h] [h=3](e) acid rain[/h] [h=3](f) pesticides[/h] [h=3](g) herbicides[/h] [h=3](h) organic[/h] [h=3](i) disposal[/h] [h=3](j) animal rights[/h] [h=3](k) sustainable[/h] [h=3](l) enlightened[/h]​


منبع: سرزمین زبان
 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس ۷

لغات آیلتس ۷

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:


این بخش از لغات اختصاص دارد به مبحث تبلیغات که بسیار در آزمون آیلتس مهم می باشد.

[h=2]Advertising[/h] [h=3]Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
beneficial
misleading
blatant
brainwash
implicit
catchy jingles
exploit
ubiquitous
bombard
watchdog
subtle
informative




Modern advertisements contain hidden messages. ………(a)………. in the advertisement showing the
pretty girl in the new car or the smiling children round the packet of washing powder is the message
that if we buy the product, we also achieve success and happiness. It is ………(b)………. approach since
it seeks to ………(c)………. our secret dreams, and it is inescapable since advertising is ………(d)………..
Giant street hoardings and ………(e)………. on television ………(f)………. us from all sides. They ………(g)
………. into believing that we can realise our ambitions quickly and easily. On the other hand, defenders
of advertising say that it is ………(h)………. Advertising is ………(i)………. Advertisements tell us about
useful new products. They brighten our lives with colour and music. They increase demand, stimulate
industry and so keep prices down. Whether for or against advertising, most people would agree that
some kind of ………(j)………. body, appointed by the government or by the advertising industry itself, is
necessary to maintain standards of honesty and to discourage the more ………(k)………. types of ………(l)
………. advertisements.
[h=3]Answers:[/h] [h=3](a) implicit[/h] [h=3](b) subtle[/h] [h=3](c) exploit[/h] [h=3](d) ubiquitous[/h] [h=3](e) catchy jingles[/h] [h=3](f) bombard[/h] [h=3](g) brainwash[/h] [h=3](h) beneficial[/h] [h=3](i) informative[/h] [h=3](j) watchdog[/h] [h=3](k) blatant[/h] [h=3](l) misleading[/h]​




منبع: سرزمین زبان
 

Persia1

مدیر تالار زبان انگلیسی
لغات آیلتس ۸

لغات آیلتس ۸

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره:

این بخش از لغات مربوط می شود به بزرگ کردن فرزندان




Raising Children

Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:


possessive
upbringing
permissive
rebelliousness
suppress
formative
run wild
inhibited
authoritarian
juvenile delinquency
adolescence


It is often said that we live in a …………(a)…………. age, one in which people are allowed to do almost
anything they like. Is this good for children? They are going through their ………..(b)……….. which is a
very ………(c)……… stage of their development since their final adult characters are beginning to take
shape. Some parents think it is good for children to be allowed to …………..(d)………… without control
or supervision. They say that this enables children’s personalities to develop naturally and that they will
learn to be responsible by the mistakes they make. However, this might lead to ……………(e)…………
with the children ending up in the courts, or it might simply make children self-centred, without any
consideration for others. Other parents believe in being strict, but taken to extremes this can produce a
too …………(f)……………. atmosphere in the home, with the children being dominated and ruled by their
parents. Parents can also be very ……….(g)…….. and try to keep their children dependent on them.
These last two attitudes can encourage …………..(h)………. (against parents, school, and authority) in a
child, or, conversely ……….(i)…….. a child’s natural sense of adventure and curiosity. A strict ……….(j)
………. by over-caring parents can make a child so timid and ………….(k)………… that he or she is unable
to express freely his or her emotions and form mature relationships. To bring up children to be normal,
well-adjusted human beings requires great wisdom, and perhaps a bit of luck.

Answers:

(a) permissive
(b) adolescence
(c) formative
(d) run wild
(e) juvenile delinquency
(f) authoritarian
(g) possessive
(h) rebelliousness
(i) suppress
(j) upbringing
(k) inhibited

منبع: سرزمین زبان
 

Sima

مدیر تالار مهندسی هسته ای همکار مدیر تالار زبان
لغات آیلتس ۹

لغات آیلتس ۹

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره: به منظور عملکرد بهتر در امتهان هایی نظیر آیلتس یا تافل ، مخصوصاً در قسمت هایی نظیر مصاحبه آیلتس یا بخش نگارش آیلتس ، می بایست سعی شود دایره لغات خود را در هر زمینه ای افزایش دهید. در این بخش سعی شده لغات کاربردی در هر زمینه بصورت طبقه بندی شده در اختیار شما قرار بگیرد. پاسخ های مربوط به این قسمت در زیر آزمون آورده شده است :

[h=2]Censorship[/h][h=3]Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
moral standards
perverted banned
masquerading
unscrupulous
excessive
degrades
safeguards
counter-productive
infringes
corrupting
gratuitous



The amount of offensive material we are exposed to in films nowadays is surely ……….(a)………. Most
people accept that scenes of *** and violence are sometimes necessary to tell a story, but all too often
these scenes are ……….(b)………. they are unnecessary and simply inserted in the film to appeal to the
baser human instincts. Censorship is necessary, especially to protect children from the ……….(c)……….
influence of such scenes, often ……….(d)………. as art, in our cinemas. There should also be censorship
of ****ographic magazines produced by ……….(e)………. people willing to cater to the ……….(f)……….
tastes of a small minority. Such material destroys the innocence of the young and ……….(g)………. all
who read it. On the other hand, there are those who say that something which is ……….(h)……….
becomes desirable so censorship is ……….(i)………. and that censorship ……….(j)………. on our freedom
of choice. However freedom is not merely freedom to do what we want but freedom from attempts to
destroy society’s ……….(k)………. Censorship provides the ……….(l)………. by which society protects
itself.
[h=3]Answers:[/h][h=3]a) excessive b) gratuitous c) corrupting d) masquerading e) unscrupulous f) perverted[/h][h=3]g) degrades h) banned i) counter-productive j) infringes k) moral standards l) safeguards[/h]


 

Sima

مدیر تالار مهندسی هسته ای همکار مدیر تالار زبان
لغات آیلتس ۱۰

لغات آیلتس ۱۰

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره: لغات این بخش مربوط به عشق و دوست داشتن می باشد.

[h=2]Love[/h][h=3]Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
Partners
platonic
flirtation
infatuation
mature
compatible
one-sided
hero-worship
mutual
idolize
complement
stable
Youngsters in their teens or even earlier sometimes ……….(a)………. film stars or other celebrities with a
kind of blind, devoted ……….(b)………. The objects of such adoration are regarded as gods by their
smitten worshippers. How sad that such devotion is almost always unrequited (though pop-stars have
been known to marry their fans). Young people also sometimes develop an irrational obsession for
another, often older, person which is not an adult, ……….(c)………. r feeling but simply a youthful ……….
(d)……….. At parties a boy may playfully try to attract a girl, or vice versa, without intending any serious,
lasting relationship. This is just a ……….(e)………. A relationship which gives deep and lasting happiness
to both ……….(f)………. must not be ……….(g)………. (felt more strongly by one of the pair than by the
other). It should be based on a ……….(h)………. love and respect, felt equally by each of the two. Of
course it can take many forms. It might be very deep but entail no physical desire, in which case it is
described as ……….(i)………., Certainly, for any relationship to be ……….(j)………. the two people involved
must be ……….(k)………. (they must get on well together). This does not necessarily mean that they
must have attitudes and interests in common, for partnerships of opposites can work very well. The
different characters of the two people somehow ……….(l)………. each other.
[h=3][/h][h=3]Answers:[/h][h=3]a) idolize b) hero-worship c) mature d) infatuation e) flirtation f) partners g) one-sided[/h][h=3]h) mutual i) platonic j) stable k) compatible I) complement[/h]
 

Sima

مدیر تالار مهندسی هسته ای همکار مدیر تالار زبان
لغات آیلتس ۱۱

لغات آیلتس ۱۱

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره: لغات بسیار مهم و ضروری در مورد اوقات فراغت و شغل

[h=2]Attitudes to Work and Leisure[/h][h=3]Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
Constructively
rewarding
challenge
conditioned
Aimless
initiative
creativity
۹ to ۵
regimentation
scope
aspire
fulfillment
Most adults …….(a)……. to more leisure but, in fact, not many people have the necessary …….(b)…….
to use the free time they already have very …….(c)……. The sad fact is that we need work because it
imposes the discipline we need. Life seems …….(d)……. and we secretly look forward to our work again.
We dream about personal …….(e)……. but probably find it more in our work than in our leisure time.
This depends on age. The young are free from work and responsibility, and freedom comes naturally to
them. However, after they begin jobs they become …….(f)……. to work. They find they need it,
however much they complain about its routine and …….(g)……. Obviously this again depends on the
kind of work. Those with …….(h)……. jobs, or jobs which require …….(i)……. receive genuine
satisfaction from their work, but most of us are in conventional …….(j)……. jobs which offer little …….(k)
……. for imagination. We leave our work only to face a leisure that we find difficult to cope with. Our
mistake is in regarding leisure as a chance to do nothing, whereas in fact it should be looked on as a
…….(l)…….
[h=3][/h][h=3]Answers:[/h][h=3]a) aspire b) initiative c) constructively d) aimless e) fulfillment f) conditioned[/h][h=3]g) regimentation n) rewarding i) creativity j) ۹ to ۵ k) scope I) challenge[/h]

 

Sima

مدیر تالار مهندسی هسته ای همکار مدیر تالار زبان
لغات آیلتس ۱۲

لغات آیلتس ۱۲


استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره: The Purpose of State Punishment

[h=3]Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the passage:[/h]
Wrongdoer
deterrent
law-abiding
death penalty
misdeeds
reform
humane
rehabilitate
barbaric
retribution
crime doesn’t pay
corporal punishment
What is the purpose of punishment? One purpose is obviously to …………(a)………… the offender, to
correct the offender’s moral attitudes and anti social behaviour and to …………(a)………… him or her,
which means to assist the offender to return to normal life as a useful member of the community.
Punishment can also be seen as a …………(a)………… , because it warns other people of what will
happen if they are tempted to break the law and so prevents them from doing so. However, a third
purpose of punishment lies, perhaps, in society’s desire for …………(a)………… , which basically means
revenge. In other words, don’t we feel that a …………(a)………… should suffer for his …………(a)…………
? The form of punishment should also be considered. On the one hand, some believe that we should
‘make the punishment fit the crime’. Those who steal from others should be deprived of their own
property to ensure that criminals are left in no doubt that ” …………(a)…………” For those who attack
others, …………(a)………… should be used. Murderers should be subject to the principle ‘an eye for an
eye and a tooth for a tooth’ and automatically receive the (i)_. On the other hand, it is said that such
views are unreasonable, cruel and …………(a)………… and that we should show a more …………(a)…………
attitude to punishment and try to understand why a person commits a crime and how society has failed
to enable him to live a respectable, …………(a)………… life.
[h=3][/h][h=3]Answers:[/h][h=3]a) reform b) rehabilitate c) deterrent d) retribution e) wrongdoer f) misdeeds[/h][h=3]g) crime doesn’t pay h) corporal punishment i) death penalty j) barbaric k) humane [/h][h=3]I) law-abiding[/h]​
 

Sima

مدیر تالار مهندسی هسته ای همکار مدیر تالار زبان
لغات آیلتس ۱۳

لغات آیلتس ۱۳

استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان

اشاره: این قسمت در مورد لغات بسیار کاربردی درباره کثیفی و خسارت می باشد.

[h=2]Dirt and Damage[/h][h=3]Put each of the following adjectives in its correct place in the sentences.[/h]
Blunt
scratched
smeared
shabby
torn
shop-soiled
filthy
soiled
rusty
stained
smudged
faded

(a) He was very angry when he saw that his new car was ………………. Another car must have run along
the side of it
(b) The curtains were bright red when we bought them, but they’ve become ………………. in the
strong sunlight.
(c) That jacket needs cleaning and it’s rather old. I think it’s too ………………. to wear.
(d) If you have a banknote which is ………………. in two, take it to a bank and exchange it for a new
one.
(e) Buy our new design ‘Travelbag’. The different compartments will enable the traveller to keep clean
and ………………. garments separate.
(f) When she was two years old, she used to experiment with her mother’s lipstick. Her face was
always ………………. with it.
(g) See those red-brown bits? That’s where the machine is beginning to go ………………. because it’s
unprotected from the rain.
(h) You can see the ceiling is ………………. where the ram came through.
(i) This radio is a bit ………………. after being in the shop for nine months, so I’ll knock ۱۰% off the price.
(j) Let the ink dry before you put another piece of paper on top of it. Otherwise it’ll be ……………….
(k) This knife isn’t sharp, it’s ………………. Give me another one.
(I) This shirt isn’t just dirty, Bobby. It’s absolutely ………………. !
[h=3]Answers:[/h][h=3]a) scratched b) faded c) shabby d) torn e) soiled f) smeared[/h][h=3]g) rusty h) stained i) shop-soiled j) smudged k) blunt l) filthy[/h]​
 
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